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Rebasing Win32 DLLs

December 2000/Rebasing Win32 DLLs/Listing 1

Listing 1: libase.c — Source to Libase

/* LiBase - Library Rebase utility
 *          Change base address of PE Executables based on a hash
 *          History of bases is saved in an INI file
 * Usage:   libase <filename> [filename ...]
#include <windows.h>
#include <imagehlp.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <io.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>

unsigned short HashName(const unsigned char *name,
    unsigned short modulus)
    unsigned short h, g;
    for (h = 0; *name; ++name)
        h = (unsigned short)((h << 2) + *name);
        if ((g = (unsigned short)(h & 0xf000u)) != 0)
            h ^= (unsigned short)(g >> 12);
        h &= (unsigned short)~g;
    return (unsigned short)(h % modulus);

void storebase(unsigned long base, char *modulename, char *ininame)
    char *AppName = "Generated bases";
    char *start, *token;
    char item[20], modlist[1024];

    /* look up the currect string */
    sprintf(item, "%08x", base);
    GetPrivateProfileString(AppName, item, "", modlist,
        sizeof modlist, ininame);

    /* check if not already there */
    for (token = modlist; token != NULL; token = start)
        start = strstr(token, modulename);
        if (start != NULL && (start == token
            || strchr(", ", *(start - 1)) != NULL))
        if (start != NULL)
            assert(strlen(start) >= strlen(modulename));
            start += strlen(modulename);
    /* module not yet in list? add it */
    if (token == NULL)
        if (strlen(modlist) > 0)
            strcat(modlist, ", ");
        strcat(modlist, modulename);
        WritePrivateProfileString(AppName, item, modlist, ininame);

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    char *AppName = "Configuration";
    char ininame[_MAX_PATH], *ext, value[32];
    unsigned long StartBase, BaseSeparation;
    short NumBases;
    BOOL IgnoreCase;
    int index;
    unsigned long oldsize, newsize;
    unsigned long oldbase, newbase;
    unsigned long save_newbase;
    HANDLE hFind;
    WIN32_FIND_DATA ffdata;
    BOOL result;

    if (argc < 2)
        printf("LIBASE:\tChange base address of PE Executables "
               "based on a hash\n"
               "\tVersion 1.00\n\n"
               "Usage:\tlibase <filename> [filename ...]\n");
        return 1;

    /* convert .EXE name to .INI name */
    GetModuleFileName(NULL, ininame, sizeof ininame);
    ext = strrchr(ininame, '.');
    assert(ext != NULL && strcmpi(ext, ".exe") == 0);
    strcpy(ext, ".ini");

    /* get configuration */
    IgnoreCase = GetPrivateProfileInt(AppName, "IgnoreCase",
        TRUE, ininame);
    GetPrivateProfileString(AppName, "StartBase",
        "0x60000000", value, sizeof value, ininame);
    StartBase = strtoul(value, NULL, 0);
    GetPrivateProfileString(AppName, "BaseSeparation",
        "0x00100000", value, sizeof value, ininame);
    BaseSeparation = strtoul(value, NULL, 0);
    /* the number of different bases depends on the range
     * and the minimum distance between the bases; addresses
     * above 0x70000000L are reserved for system components.
    NumBases = (short)((0x70000000L - StartBase) / BaseSeparation);

    for (index = 1; index < argc; index++)
        /* check most common errors separately */
        if (access(argv[index],0) < 0)
            printf("LIBASE:\tfile \"%s\" not found\n", argv[index]);
            return 1;
        if (access(argv[index],6) < 0)
            printf("LIBASE:\tfile \"%s\" is read-only\n",
            return 1;

        /* the hash is different for upper and lower case
         * characters, so get the case of the filename as
         * stored on disk (not the case on the command line)
        hFind = FindFirstFile(argv[index], &ffdata);
        assert(hFind != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE);

        /* but if case must be ignored...
         * simply convert to upper case */
        if (IgnoreCase)

        newbase = HashName((unsigned char *)ffdata.cFileName,
            NumBases) * BaseSeparation
                  + StartBase;

        /* Rebase */
        save_newbase = newbase;
        result = ReBaseImage(argv[index], "", TRUE, FALSE, FALSE, 0,
                             &oldsize, &oldbase, &newsize, &newbase,
        if (result)
            printf("LIBASE:\tmodule \"%s\" rebased "
                   "from 0x%08lx to 0x%08lx\n",
                   ffdata.cFileName, oldbase, save_newbase);
            if (newsize > BaseSeparation)
                printf("\tNOTE: size (0x%08lx) exceeds "
                       "base separation (0x%08lx)\n",
                       newsize, BaseSeparation);
            storebase(save_newbase, ffdata.cFileName, ininame);
            DWORD LastError = GetLastError();
            printf("LIBASE:\terror processing \"%s\"\n",
            if (LastError != 0)
                LPTSTR MsgBuf;
                    | FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM
                    | FORMAT_MESSAGE_ARGUMENT_ARRAY,
                    NULL, LastError,
                    (LPTSTR)&MsgBuf, 0, (va_list *)&argv[index]);
                printf("[%d] %s\n", LastError, MsgBuf);
            return 1;

    return 0;
/* End of File */

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