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Comparing LINQ-to-XML with XPath

Transforming XML Data Using Functional Construction

Functional construction is quite literally a way to create an XML tree in a single statement by chaining function calls together where subordinate calls are arguments to the calling method. (This same nesting of method calls is also often used in the CodeDOM namespace to create code graphs.)

The XML document in Listing One was created with functional construction. Quite straightforward really, the XML tree was created by chaining XElement (and XAttribute) objects together to form the shape of the XML document and calling the XElement.Save method.

private void SerializeGameStatistics(BlackJack game)
       Statistics stats = game.Players[0].Statistics;
       //serialize game to XML
       XElement xml =
         new XElement("Blackjack",
          new XElement("Player",
            new XAttribute("Name", game.Players[0].Name),
            new XElement("Statistics",
            new XElement("AverageAmountLost", stats.AverageAmountLost),
            new XElement("AverageAmountWon", stats.AverageAmountWon),
            new XElement("Blackjacks", stats.BlackJacks),
            new XElement("Losses", stats.Losses),
            new XElement("NetAverageWinLoss", stats.NetAverageWinLoss),
            new XElement("NewWinLoss", stats.NetWinLoss),
            new XElement("PercentageOfBlackJacks",
            new XElement("PercentageOfLosses", stats.PercentageOfLosses),
            new XElement("PercentageOfPushes", stats.PercentageOfPushes),
            new XElement("PercentageOfWins", stats.PercentageOfWins),
            new XElement("Pushes", stats.Pushes),
            new XElement("Surrenders", stats.Surrenders),
            new XElement("TotalAmountLost", stats.TotalAmountLost),
            new XElement("TotalAmountWon", stats.TotalAmountWon),
            new XElement("Wins", stats.Wins))));
           Application.ExecutablePath) + "\\CurrentStats.xml");
Listing Seven: Using Functional Construction, or Chains of System.Xml.Linq Objects to Shape the Desired Form of the XML Output

The method in Listing Seven was added to the Blackjack sample application. The data is derived from objects in that game, but the orchestration of the XElement objects could really be applied to any objects.


XPath is an open standard for querying and transforming XML documents; however, it is a completely different technology than C# programming, which you already know. With LINQ-to-XML, you can now do some of the things provided by XPath in a way you already know how to do them.

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